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2018년 11월 고2 모의고사기출_중원고 영어내신
다음 글의 밑줄 친 부분 중, 어법상 어색한 것은? [18년 11월 23번]
Do you have a tendency ⓐto focus more on what you don’t have than on what you do? Unfortunately, many people tend to focus on what they don’t have, when in reality they are sitting on a pile of blessings! Unrealistic expectations and comparisons to others lead to jealousy. Being envious of that others have only ⓑserve to make you unhappy with what you personally have. It’s hard to be grateful when all you can think about ⓒis what you don’t have or think you should get. Oftentimes frustration and dissatisfaction are actually the result of unrealistic expectations on our part. We think our situation should be this way or that way, or at least different from ⓓthe way it is. Gratitude is not about expectations, but about being thankful for our situation ⓔwhatever our expectations may be.
① ⓐ ② ⓑ ③ ⓒ ④ ⓓ ⑤ ⓔ
다음 글의 빈칸 (A), (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? [18년 11월 28번]
Application of Buddhist-style mindfulness to Western psychology came primarily from the research of Jon Kabat-Zinn at the University of Massachusetts Medical Center. He initially took on the difficult task of treating chronic-pain patients, many of whom had not reacted well to traditional pain-management therapy. In many ways, such treatment seems completely (A)___________−you teach people to deal with pain by helping them to become more aware of it! However, the key is to help people let go of the constant tension that accompanies their fighting of pain, a struggle that actually prolongs their awareness of pain. Mindfulness meditation allowed many of these people to raise their sense of well-being and to experience a better quality of life. How so? Because such meditation is based on the principle that if we try to ignore or repress unpleasant thoughts or sensations, then we only end up (B)___________ their intensity.
① sensible enforcing
② reasonable reducing
③ paradoxical vanishing
④ ironical decreasing
⑤ insensible increasing
다음 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은? [18년 11월 20번]
Breaks are necessary to revive your energy levels and recharge your mental stamina. but they shouldn’t be taken carelessly. If you’ve planned your schedule effectively, you should already have scheduled breaks at appropriate times throughout the day, so any other breaks in the midst of ongoing work hours are unwarranted. While scheduled breaks keep you on track by being strategic, re-energizing methods of self-reinforcement, unscheduled breaks detail you from your goal, as they offer you opportunities to procrastinate by making you feel as if you’be got “free time.” Taking unscheduled breaks is a sure-fire way to fall into the procrastination trap. You may rationalize that you’re only getting a cup of coffee to keep yourself alert, but in reality, you’re just trying to avoid having to work on a task at your desk. So to prevent procrastination, commit to having no random breaks instead. *derail: 벗어나게 하다 **procrastinate: 미루다
① What Makes Your Work Delayed?
② Grabbing a Chance at a Right Time
③ Why People Need a Break while Working?
④ Who can Change the Schedule for Efficiency?
⑤ The Importance of a Pleasant Environment to Work in
2018년 11월 고2 모의고사기출_중원고 영어내신
다음 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? [18년 11월 22번]
It turns out that the secret behind our recently extended life span is not due to genetics or natural selection, but rather to ________________________________. From a medical and public health perspective, these developments were nothing less than game changing. For example, major diseases such as smallpox, polio, and measles have been eradicated by mass vaccination. At the same time, better living standards achieved through improvements in education, housing, nutrition, and sanitation systems have substantially reduced malnutrition and infections, preventing many unnecessary deaths among children. Furthermore, technologies designed to improve health have become available to the masses, whether via refrigeration to prevent spoilage or systemized garbage collection, which in and of itself eliminated many common sources of disease. These impressive shifts have not only dramatically affected the ways in which civilizations eat, but also determined how civilizations will live and die.
*relentless: 끊임없는 **eradicate: 근절하다
① the discovery of ancient civilization
② the effect of expanded medical insurance
③ the result of scientific technical revolution
④ the better awareness of environmental movement
⑤ the constant advancement in the overall standard of living
다음 글을 읽고 물음에 답하시오. [18년 11월 32번]
For several years much research in psychology was based on the assumption that human beings are driven by base motivations such as aggression, egoistic self-interest, and the pursuit of simple pleasures. Since many psychologists began with that assumption, they inadvertently designed research studies that supported their own presuppositions. Consequently, the view of humanity that prevailed in psychology was that of a species barely keeping its aggressive tendencies in check and managing to live in social groups more out of motivated self-interest than out of a genuine affinity for others or a true sense of community. Both Sigmund Freud and the early behaviorists led by John B. Watson believed that humans were motivated primarily by selfish drive. From that perspective, social interaction is possible only by exerting control over those baser emotions and, therefore, it is always vulnerable to eruptions of violence, greed, and selfishness. The fact that humans actually live together in social groups has traditionally been seen as a tenuous arrangement that is always just one step away from violence.
*inadvertently: 무심코 **affinity: 친밀감 ***tenuous: 미약한
2018년 11월 고2 모의고사기출_중원고 영어내신
위 글의 내용을 아래와 같이 한 문장으로 요약하고자 한다. 빈칸 (A), (B)에 들어갈 말을 <보기>에 주어진 단어를 모두 사용하여 요약문을 완성하시오. (단, 어법에 맞게 변형할 것)
From the traditional perspective in psychology, Human beings (A)___________________________________ by (B)___________________________________, but such social interaction is apt to be attacked by humans’ unavoidable instincts.
< 보 기 >
live / motivations / in / control / community / keep / base / social / in
위 글의 밑줄 친 base motivation과 상반되는 것 2가지를 본문에서 찾아 영어로 그대로 쓰시오.
(A) ________________________________________(5단어 이내)
(B) ________________________________________(5단어 이내)
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