2018년 11월 고1 모의고사 학교기출 창현고 영어내신
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2018년 11월 모의고사
다음 글의 밑줄 친 부분 중, 어법상 어색한 것은? [H1-1811 28번]
The belief ⓐwhere humans have morality and animals don’t is such a longstanding assumption that it could well be called a habit of mind, and a bad habit, as we all know, ⓑis extremely hard to break. A lot of people have caved in to this assumption because it is easier to deny morality to animals than to deal with the complex effects of the possibility that animals have moral behavior. The historical tendency, ⓒframed in the outdated dualism of us versus them, is strong enough to make a lot of people ⓓcling to the status quo. Denial of who animals are conveniently allows for maintaining false stereotypes about the cognitive and emotional capacities of animals. Clearly a major paradigm shift is needed, ⓔbecause the lazy acceptance of habits of mind has a strong influence on how animals are understood and treated.
* dualism: 이원론(二元論) ** status quo: 현재 상태
① ⓐ ② ⓑ ③ ⓒ ④ ⓓ ⑤ ⓔ
다음 글의 밑줄 친 That's where story comes in이 다음 글에서 의미하는 바로 가장 적절한 것은? [H1-1811 23번]
In a competitive environment, such as a college admissions process or a job application situation, almost everyone has strong qualifications. Almost everyone has facts in their favor. But how valuable are facts alone? Think back to the most recent lecture or presentation you attended. How many facts do you remember from it? If you’re like most people, you can’t recall many, if any. Chances are good, however, that you remember stories, anecdotes, and examples from the event, even if you can’t think of their exact context. The average person today is flooded with facts and data, and we let most of this pass through our brains with minimal retention or reaction― unless something makes the information stand out in a meaningful way. That’s where story comes in.
* retention: 기억
① Storytelling can keep your brain lazy.
② We can improve our skill by reading stories.
③ Making story needs more facts than we have.
④ Story can enhance your ability to use accurate terms.
⑤ Story can help us make up for the deficiency of facts.
다음 글에서 밑줄 친 ⓐ~ⓔ 중 문맥상 의미가 다른 것은? [H1-1811 33번]
From an economic perspective, ⓐa short-lived event can become an innovative event if it generates goods and services that can be sold to people, in particular to those from outside the locality. The remarkable growth of ⓑart exhibitions, cultural festivals and sports competitions, for example, can be analysed in this light. They are ⓒtemporary activities that can attract large numbers of outsiders to a locality, bringing in ⓓnew sources of income. But even here, there is a two-way interaction between the event and the context. The existence of an infrastructure, a reputation, a history of an activity for an area may have important effects on the economic success or failure of an event. In other words, events do not take place in a vacuum. They depend on ⓔan existing context which has been in the making for a long time. The short-lived event, therefore, would be performed in relation to this long-term context.
* infrastructure: 기반 시설
① ⓐ ② ⓑ ③ ⓒ ④ ⓓ ⑤ ⓔ
다음 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은? [H1-1811 39번]
Some people believe that the social sciences are falling behind the natural sciences. They maintain that not only does social science have no exact laws, but it also has failed to eliminate great social evils such as racial discrimination, crime, poverty, and war. They suggest that social scientists have failed to accomplish what might reasonably have been expected of them. Such critics are usually unaware of the real nature of social science and of its special problems and basic limitations. For example, they forget that the solution to a social problem requires not only knowledge but also the ability to influence people. Even if social scientists discover the procedures that could reasonably be followed to achieve social improvement, they are seldom in a position to control social action. For that matter, even dictators find that there are limits to their power to change society.
① The Elements of Social Science
② Why We Should Learn Social Sciences?
③ What Is More Reliable?: Natural Science or Social Science
④ What Are the Limitations and Challenges of Social Science?
⑤ A Lack of Theoretical Background: the Problem of Social Sciences
다음 글을 읽고 빈칸에 들어갈 적절한 말을 본문에서 찾아 2단어로 적으시오.(본문에 있는 단어가 아닌 경우 오답처리, 필요시 어형 변화할 것) [H1-1811 34번]
Interestingly, in nature, the more powerful species have a narrower field of vision. The distinction between predator and prey offers a clarifying example of this. The key feature that distinguishes predator species from prey species isn’t the presence of claws or any other feature related to biological weaponry. The key feature is the position of their eyes. Predators evolved with eyes facing forward―which allows for binocular vision that offers accurate depth perception when pursuing prey. Prey, on the other hand, often have eyes facing outward, maximizing peripheral vision, which allows the hunted to detect danger that may be approaching from any angle. Consistent with our place at the top of the food chain, humans have eyes that _______________________. We have the ability to gauge depth and pursue our goals, but we can also miss important action on our periphery.
*depth perception: 거리 감각 **periphery: 주변
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